메인 Government Information Quarterly Degrees of Latitude: Mapping Colonial America: Margaret Beck Pritchard and Henry G. Taliaferro. The...
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200 Book reviews / Government Information Quarterly 20 (2003) 193–212 Degrees of Latitude: Mapping Colonial America. Margaret Beck Pritchard and Henry G. Taliaferro. The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation in association with Harry N. Abrams, Inc. 434 pp. $95.00. 0-87935-214-0 (CWF) 0-81093529-2 (H. N. Abrams). This volume celebrates the seventy-five years since restoration of Colonial Williamsburg was undertaken. Since 1930, Colonial Williamsburg has collected maps “that relate to Virginia during the colonial and post-colonial periods, as well as those that illustrate the settlement of the other colonies.” The goal of the authors, one a curator and writer on colonial era topics, the other a dealer in rare maps and a published cartobibliographer, is to go “beyond a standard cartobibliographical analysis to provide a cultural context for the production and use of objects that represented, both functionally and symbolically, the expanding world view of enlightened colonial elite.” The first part, by Pritchard, is comprised of three sections. The first two set the stage for the cartobibliography that follows. “Claiming the Land,” focuses on the use of maps to control land, trade and commerce. It discusses how early maps were used and who created significant maps. It then examines how Europeans settled the land, how the colonies were promoted and how the land distribution patterns varied between the English and the Dutch. Also considered is how the role of trade with the Native Americans, and how military conflict between the European powers affected the expansion of knowledge of the land. This section includes numerous illustrations of the maps discussed in the text, including some of those later listed in the catalog section. The second section looks at “. . . Maps as Symbolic Objects.” The global economy of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries increased the demand for consumer goods among the middle-class; maps, charts, atlases and globes became symbols of the enlightened gentleman. The author examined ne; wspaper ads, custom orders, household inventories and wills to determine the regard with which geographic materials were held. These items had a strong masculine association and women were typically excluded from their study. This section is supported by illustrations of maps in paintings and in households. After establishing the context for their creation and use, the catalog section, “A Selection of Maps from the Colonial Williamsburg Collection,” completes the first part of the book. The seventy-three maps selected for inclusion are presented in color. The title cartouche information is transcribed, followed by full statements of authorship (cartographer, engraver, publisher, etc.). The place and date of publication are included as is the physical description of the map. Other features on the map, such as coats of arms, illustrations and text are described. A list of the other known states of the map is annotated with their differences. This is followed by a list of references to other cartobibliographies and a lengthy annotation about the mapmaker, the map itself, and notes and full citations to the sources cited in the annotation. A valuable added feature, not commonly found in cartobibliographies due to its expense, is the inclusion of detailed images of portions of the map and related maps that are discussed in the annotation. The second part, by Taliaferro, is focused on a seventeenth century world atlas treasure whose provenance, ownership by the Custis-Lee family, has great significance in Virginia and American history. The first section, “The Atlas of John Custis, 1698,” uses a short text Book reviews / Government Information Quarterly 20 (2003) 193–212 201 to introduce the reader to the atlas. It then provides a cartobibliography of the 94 surviving plates of the atlas. Although not all maps are illustrated and the annotations are shorter, the order and scope of the bibliographic information provided follows that of the catalog section described above. The final section of this part looks at “Philip Lea and the Seventeenth-Century Map Trade.” Lea is the successful and prolific mapseller from whom Custis purchased his world atlas. As was typical of the time, the maps were sold either separately or in bound collections. By examining the trading of plates with other publishers, the author shows the relationship Lea had with them. A period of economic boom in England and the scientific revolution increased the demand for maps allowing the map trade to flourish. This volume includes quality color illustrations and enlargements of the maps produced by a publisher who is experienced in the production of works of art. This alone makes it well worth the price. The nature of the data provided about the maps and the placement of the maps in relation to the text make it easy to integrate this information. The volume closes with a glossary, a five-page bibliography, and a fourteen-page index in which the illustrations are indicated by boldface type. It is a useful tool for both scholars and connoisseurs of cartography and is recommended for purchase by libraries that support collections related to American history and the history of cartography. Marsha L. Selmer Map Librarian and Associate Professor University of Illinois at Chicago Richard J. Daley Library, Map Section 801 S. Morgan St. Chicago, Illinois 60607 E-mail address: email@example.com doi:10.1016/S0740-624X(03)00027-3 FEDBIZOPPS (Federal Business Opportunities). Washington, DC: U.S. General Services Administration. Visited December 2002. http:// fedbizopps.gov/. As of October 30, 2001, FEDBIZOPPS1 (Federal Business Opportunities) was designated as the single point of entry for federal government public notices of procurement actions worth more than $25,0002. The website replaced the printed Commerce Business Daily (CBD), which ceased as of January 4, 2002, as the designated source of government contract notices. CBDNet3, the Internet version of the CDB, continues as an archival database for notices published in the CBD from December 2, 1996 to January 2, 2002. The General Services Administration (GSA), as coordinator of a large share of federal government procurement activities, will manage the FEDBIZOPPS website and also provide a free download of file information to vendors and other entities publishing a printed version similar to the CBD. The development of the website has coincided with increased efforts by